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Online articulation therapy for adults
In-person articulation therapy near Skokie 60076 & surrounding Illinois areas

Articulation Disorders


An articulation disorder impacts an individual's ability to produce certain sounds, resulting in challenges communicating clearly and effectively.  This can make it challenging for listeners to comprehend what you are saying.  


Some common examples of articulation disorders include a lisp or producing a /w/ sound for an /r/.   

Less common speech-sound disorders include apraxia and dysarthria. Apraxia, also known as Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS), is a condition where an individual struggles with planning and executing oral movements. Dysarthria, on the other hand, occurs when an individual's speech sounds distorted or slurred due to neuromuscular weakness, paralysis, or uncoordinated muscles required for speech production.

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What are the causes of an articulation disorder?

The cause can of an articulation disorder can be unknown, but listed are some common causes of an articulation disorder.

  • Unresolved Speech Production Errors Since Childhood: Failure to address speech issues at a young age will often cause the articulation issues to persist into adulthood.  

  • Physical or Structural issues: Structural abnormalities or physical impairments impacting the speech organs (such as the tongue, lips, palate, or jaw) can lead to challenges in producing clear speech.  This may result from conditions like cleft palate, oral-motor weakness, or facial paralysis.

  • Dental Appliances: Bite-plates, retainers, dentures, and other appliances can alter speech sound production. 

  • Developmental Disorders: Some adults may continue to struggle with articulation secondary to developmental disorders that were present since childhood (like childhood apraxia of speech or dysarthria)

  • Hearing loss

  • Low muscle tone

  • Neurological Conditions: Neurological disorders or injuries impacting the brain's control over speech production can cause issues with articulation.  Some of these conditions include traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis.

Articulation therapy is designed to address a range of challenges, including:

  • difficulty with specific sounds such as /r/, /s/, /sh/, /ch/, /l/, and other sounds

  • lateral and interdental lisps

  • unclear speech that sounds mumbled and is difficult to understand

  • speech that's labored, slurred, or unclear due to neurological damage.

Speech Therapy for Articulation with me

I can help improve the production of specific speech sounds and overall intelligibility. Often, adults will substitute words to avoid producing problematic speech sounds, and I can help you overcome this so you can use the words you want when speaking with friends, addressing your colleagues, and ordering from a restaurant.


If you would like to schedule a free consultation, please do not hesitate to contact me.  I offer online speech therapy services throughout Illinois, New York, and New Jersey and in-home speech therapy for those living near Skokie, Wilmette, Evanston, and West Rogers Park, Illinois.

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